HATCHERY

The Task Force has managed the Satsop Springs Fish Hatchery since taking it over for WDFW.

Satsop Springs, managed by the Chehalis Basin Fisheries Task Force, is a beautiful fish rearing and brood stocking facility located on the East Fork Satsop River. The facility is about 60 acres and fed by Artesian Springs for year round fish rearing. Because of this, our water temperature remains very cold and constant. No water is pumped from the river which makes Satsop Springs very cost effective. The facility is managed by one hatchery manager, a part time employee and an office manager that manages the fiscal needs of the facility in addition to the fish restoration grants active throughout the Chehalis Basin.

Annually at the Satsop Springs Fish Rearing Facility we raise 7,000 Trophy sized Rainbow Trout to release into local ponds/lakes within Grays Harbor and Mason Counties. Waterbody’s include Lake Nahwatzel, Lost Lake, Vance Creek Pond #1, Vance Creek Pond #2, Lake Sylvia, Aberdeen Lake, Failor Lake and Duck Lake. These fish exceed 5 pounds and can range into the mid-teens. The trout are released for spring break fisheries, the lake opener and for kids fishing derbies. These plants are accomplished by the assistance of dozens of volunteers helping to seine, load and haul them to the lakes.

In addition to trout, Satsop Springs releases at least 450,000 Coho Salmon, 225,000 Chum Salmon and as many as 600,000 Chinook Salmon. Egg takes are achieved through our brood stock collection program through hook & line and seining efforts. Again this activity is aided by local volunteers. Egg take goals for Chum are 450,000 and for Chinook 600,000. These eggs are transferred to the Bingham Creek Hatchery were they are incubated, mass marked as juveniles and then half are transferred back to Satsop Springs where they are reared and released. The other half are reared and released at the Bingham Creek Hatchery.

The Coho egg take is done at the Bingham Creek Hatchery and then the juveniles are transported down to Satsop Springs where they are reared and released as well. Returning adult Coho to Satsop Springs are excess fish and sold to a fish buyer. Funds generated from egg and carcass sales are put back into the facility for maintenance and upgrades, which provides fish for all user groups to benefit from.
Once we have spawned the fish for our egg take goals, the carcasses are loaded into totes and taken to small tributaries within the Satsop River Basin and pitched in for nutrient enhancement. Our nutrient enhancement program provides food for juvenile fish, generates underwater insects, as well as providing many a food source for animals that rely on salmon for survival.

Within the past 6 years we have replaced most of the culverts between rearing ponds and now can manage water flow more effectively. Now Satsop Springs operates very smoothly with better water controls and improved holding capacities. In the near future additional ponding is being considered to hold some of our trout for later releases for fishing derbies and more rearing capacity. Fish for later releases are currently transferred to the Bingham Creek Hatchery to accommodate the annual pond cleaning which has a very narrow window between the restocking efforts. Each year the ponds are flushed by using hydraulic hoses to remove fecal debris and to get ready for the next batch of fish to be raised. The debris flushed from the ponds are pumped into a holding pond with no direct flow to the river which allows natural filtration back into the Satsop system and traps unwanted sediment.

 

TROUT PLANTING

Each year from mid March through mid June Satsop Springs outplants rainbow trout that we have raised to sites around Grays Harbor. The facility raises about 7,000 trophy trout each year and plant to ponds in Lost Lake, Lake Nahwatzel, Lake Sylvia, Lake Aberdeen, Failor Lake, Vance Creek (#1 and #2), and Duck Lake in Ocean Shores. Aside from Lake Nahwatzel, each of the other lakes hold derbies from the rainbow trout that we plant. Organizations such as the Elma Game Club, G. H. Poggie Club, Montesano Moose, and City of Ocean Shores hold annual youth fishing derbies to catch one of these prize rainbow trout.


FY2017 PROJECTS

Rayonier MF Hoquiam Barrier Corrections

This project opened up 2.65miles of fish passage to excellent spawning & rearing habitat for Chinook, Coho, Chum, Steelhead, sea run and native cutthroat trout. Five barrier culverts were removed on the Middle Fork Hoquiam River. Sites were then abandoned and will not be used again.

HRP – Johns River

This project consisted of 3 sites (Atwood Crk., Swamp Crk., & Ballon Crk.) which when completed opened up 11.19 miles of spawning and rearing habitat in forestland for Coho, Chinook, Chum salmon, Steelhead, & Cutthroat Trout. Ballon Creek is pictured below.

SRFB/HRP – Boyer Road

This project replaced a 3 ft. diameter, 50 ft. long culvert installed at a 1.34% slope with a 14 inch outfall with a deep corrugated culvert with a 21 ft. span, 10ft. rise, 70 ft. long .When completed , the project opened up 2.5 miles of spawning and rearing habitat for Coho, Chinook, Chum salmon, Steelhead, & Cutthroat Trout.

HRP – Big Creek/Polson Camp

This project replaced a 8 ft. diameter, round CMP 85 ft. long with an outfall drop with a Big Cor bottomless arch culvert with a 24 ft. span, 12 ft. rise, 88 ft. length. When completed , the project opened up 4.84 miles of spawning and rearing habitat in forestland for Coho, Chinook, Chum , Steelhead, resident & Searun Cutthroat, & Bull Trout.

HRP – Mox Chehalis

This project replaced a 33% passsable culvert with a 60 ft. long by 18 ft. wide concrete bridge. When completed , the project opened up 12.15 miles of spawning and rearing habitat in forestland for Coho, Chinook, Chum salmon & Steelhead.


FY2016 PROJECTS

Atkins Tree Farm - Humptulips Trib R-7

This project will remove a road through a wetland on a tributary to the Humptulips River which is a barrier to fish. This 50m wide wetland flows over the road at high flows totally submerging the road. Professional judgement is that this is a partial fish passage barrier due to undersized culverts, frequently plugged with debris, making it difficult for fish to find. The landowner is willing to have the road removed which will restore the wetland connectivity and ensure fish passage for potentially juvenile chinook, coho, steelhead, mudminnows and searun cutthroat.

Atkins Tree Farm 
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FY2015 PROJECTS

Stevens Creek

The Stevens Creek restoration project will correct a fish barrier ranked 61st on the Lead Entity list of more than 2,700 documented culvert barriers in the Chehalis Basin. It is located under Minkler County Road in Grays Harbor County. Stevens Creek flows under the county road and the culvert outfall empties directly into the Chehalis River near Montesano.

Map of Stevens Creek Outfall from Culvert

design of bottomless culvert 
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RECENT PROJECTS

Over the past several years the CBFTF has been very involved in salmon recovery projects, with a primary focus on correcting culverts that are difficult or impossible for fish to pass through. The following projects are a few examples of the work we've been doing.

Campbell Slough New Bridge - Campbell Slough

This restoration project by CBFTF and Rayonier corrected 3 fish passage barrier culverts on Campbell slough. A 40' steel bridge replaced old culverts to open up 3 miles of excellent spawning and rearing habitat for coho, chum and cutthroat trout, plus rearing for juvenile Chinook and steelhead. In addition, Bull trout most likely graze this area during winter migration.

Lower Campbell Slough provides critical estuarial rearing habitat for outmigrating juvenile salmonids. This project, in concert with 3 other corrections being completed by Rayonier, helped restore depressed salmonid populations in Grays Harbor. Correcting these barriers will restore fish access and improve biological functions and productivity for the entire watershed. The fish habitat is excellent and riparian cover is healthy, consisting of native shrubs and conifer canopy. Campbell Slough has numerous stretches of good spawning gravels and all fishbearing waters provide excellent juvenile rearing.

 

Campbell Slough culvert  Culvert - Campbell Slough Outlet - Campbell Slough

Campbell Slough project Completed bridge - Campbell Slough  Bridge - Campbell Slough
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W. Fork Chenois CreekDownstream - Chenois Creek

This restoration project replaced a fish barrier culvert on West Fork Chenois Creek where it crosses under Ocean Beach County Road. The project opened 6.5 miles of excellent salmonid spawning and rearing habitat upstream of the crossing.

Chenois Creek supports spawning and rearing for 5 species of salmonids; coho, Chinook, chum, steelhead, and searun and resident cutthroat trout. Bull trout likely graze in the Chenois lower watershed. Rayonier replaced 10 upstream barriers concurrently with this project as a cooperative basin wide effort to eliminate all fish barrier culverts in the upper watershed.

This site was ranked in the top 1% of prioritized barriers in the Chehalis Basin. A bottomless arch culvert replaced the barrier.

Habitat - W. Fork Chenois Creek Upstream end of culvert - Chenoic Creek 
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Rayonier-Middle Fork Hoquiam

The Middle Fork Hoquiam, Rayonier Road fish barrier culvert corrections are a series of barrier culverts on an old railroad grade that is currently being used as a main logging road. This road borders the Middle Fork Hoquiam River on the east side and has 10 fish barrier culvert crossings on tributaries that flow into the Middle Fork.

CBFTF sponsored the correction of 5 barriers. These corrections, each on a separate tributary, will open more than 2 1/2 miles of blocked stream habitat. The remaining barrier culverts will be proposed for correction in 2015.

According to the WDFW Stream Catalog Chinook and chum salmon are present in this system. Steelhead are reported to be in this stream by local residents. Bull trout most likely graze in the lower reaches of the Middle Fork and could be present.

Middle Fork Hoquiam
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Downstream channell HoffmanHoffman - Tributary to Newaukum

The focus of this project was correting a barrier on an unnamed tributary to Newaukum River in Lewis county. Correction of this barrier benefits steelhead, coho, native and searun cutthroat trout.

There are many beaver ponds upstream which provide excellent habitat. The culvert was removed and the natural channel rebuilt. A new 25' x 16' wide concrete bridge was installed.

Outlet of culvert before correction - Hoffman Hoffman Inlet

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Hoffman - Downstream Road - Hoffman Hoffman road  Bridge
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Clark, Steven - Chehalis River Tributary

Outlet - Clark       Bridge

This barrier culvert is on a tributary to the Chehalis River in Grays Harbor county. Correction of this barrier improves access to habitat for coho, searun cutthroat, juvenile chinook and steelhead. Much of this habitat is off-channel reaing habitat critical to juveniles which become stranded by the perched culvert.

This rearing area is also potentially good chum spawning area. Bull trout in their winter grazing migration could access this site. This project removed 4 elevated undersized culverts and two pipes and replaced them with a 50' X 17.5' prestressed concrete bridge.

Clark - Before Correction Before correction - Clark Culvert  

Outlet Completed Bridge 
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Baxter - Tributary to Middle Fork NewaukumMap

This structure on a tributary to the Newaukum is part of an old rearing pond for steelhead that was maintained by the Friends of the Cowlitz. The road acts as a dam that creates a large pond with a culvert, a puncheon, and a dilapidated fish ladder. All structures block fish passage. Baxter Project

The dam and other structures were removed, providing complete unimpeded fish passage to upstream habitat while maintaining the pond habitat.

Blocked culvert - Baxter Stream - Baxter

Baxter - road Baxter - Pond Corrected area 

 Constructed Channel - Baxter Bridge
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B&D Tree FarmCompleted Bridge

These two high priority fish passage barriers are on tributaries to Lost Creek on the B&D Tree Farm which flows into Stillman Creek then the SF Chehalis River. These two crossings were removed and replaced with new larger fish passable structures.

Correction of these barriers improves fish access to almost 2 miles for site A and a half mile for site B for coho, steelhead, and searun cutthroat trout. The correction for site A is 40' x 14' a steel bridge.

 Old culvert

outstream Completed bridge
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Completed bridge - MadsenMadsen - Tributary to Coal Creek

This barrier puncheon is on a tributary to Coal Creek which is in the Chehalis Basin in Lewis county. The old puncheon was removed and replaced with a 40' x 21' bridge. The bridge allows for proper hydraulic function, passage of large materials, lessen flooding issues, and unobstructed passage to upstream habitat.

Madsen area  Madsen area 

Downstream Former bridge site Bridge - downstream

 completed bridge completed bridge
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McDonald Creek Restoration

McDonald Creek is located in Elma in Grays Harbor County. This restoration, the first phase the McDonald Creek restoration project, removed a shotgun culvert on a private farm access road, replacing it with a 40' modular steel bridge. The culvert acted as fish barrier to coho and cutthroat trout which historically used McDonald Creek for spawning and rearing.

Jarred Figlar-Barnes is the mastermind behind the project and did much of pre-planning and assessment work getting the project ready for grant applications. Jarred completed a watershed assessment which identifies failing culverts and aquatic habitat modifications as limiting salmonid species. McDonald Creek is a very important low gradient, off-channel refuge for fish during winter flooding and a location for fish to spawn during the spring and fall.

Upstream
McDonald old culverts Site Visit  


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Cedar Creek Road Barrier Culvert Correction Cedar Creek Culvert Befort

Cedar CreekThe CBFTF sponsored Grays Harbor County's restoration project to correct a fish barrier culvert on an unnamed tributary to Cedar Creek on Cedar Creek Road. The bordering landowner observes coho each year trying to jump into the elevated pipe and occasionally a few make it. This culvert was ranked 12th in priority to replace, out of more than 2000 documented barriers, in the Chehalis Basin.

    

  Cedar Creek After  

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